History of St Croix

History of St CroixSt Croix is dripped in history from its first habitation of man to its many settlers who have flown their flags with pride. Whether you have decided to make St Croix your home or just on a ST CROIX VACATION, you can enjoy the vast history the island has to offer. Tourist choose ST CROIX RENTALS for this exact reason so they can come and go as they please to enjoy its sights to see and not be governed by package holidays or hotels.

Pre historic:
Man first inhabited St. Croix around 2500 B.C. Artifacts show that a pre-ceramic tribe was living on the island around 2050 B.C. Other than the pre-ceramic tribe, there have been three other pottery-making tribes who inhabited the island, the Igneri from approximately 50 to A.D. 650; the Tainos or Arawak from A.D. 650 to A.D.1425 and the Caribs from A.D.1425 to the late 16th century.


What Columbus did to St croix?

Christopher Columbus and his crew were the first Europeans to visit the area and arrived in St. Croix November 14, 1493, his first stop on his second voyage to the New World. He sent a crew ashore in search of fresh water and a skirmish ensued as a canoe of Caribs came out to meet the newcomers. There were deaths on both sides, though no one knows for sure what really happened. Columbus claimed the island for Spain, calling it Santa Cruz or "Holy Cross." (The French would later name the island St. Croix.) Continuing north, awed by the number of green hills rising out of the water, Columbus named the entire group of islands the Virgin Islands in honor of St. Ursula and her 11,000 martyred virgins.

What Spanish did?

The Spanish didn't concern themselves right away with the settlement of the Lesser Antilles, concentrating more on the larger islands to the west. However, the two centuries that followed were full of battles between the English, Dutch, and French admirals, pirates and privateers all attracted by rumor of Spanish treasure and later by the region's highly profitable exports.

Architecture influences:

Seven flags have flown over St. Croix: those of Spain, England, Holland, France, the Knights of Malta, Denmark, and finally, the United States. The influence of the long Danish rule in St. Croix is very evident on the island including the forts in both Christiansted and Frederiksted, and the elegant and sturdy architectural styles. St. Croix enjoyed a time of prosperity under the Danes in the 18th century as a result of the successful exporting of sugar, molasses, rum, and cotton.

In the early 19th century, the prosperity of the island was battered. Slave trade was ended in 1803 by Denmark, and in 1848, then Governor General Peter von Scholten made a proclamation that freed all slaves on St. Croix. In 1878, violent riots erupted that led to the burning and destruction of homes and plantations due to the oppressive labor laws. "The Golden Age of Sugar" ended for St. Croix and thus ended prosperity and glory.

Concerned about protecting the Panama Canal in World War I, the U.S. bought St. Croix, St. John, and St. Thomas from Denmark on March 31, 1917 for $25 million in gold. Eventually granted territorial status, the Virgin Islands saw a shift in the economic focus as tourists began discovering the islands in the 1950s. Today St Croix's tourist industry is a major economic aspect for the island, not only creating income but also jobs within the industry making St Croix Rentals an important part of today's economy alongside agriculture, oil and rum.

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